1 Those that identify with the collective over the individual are feminine and traditional: valuing their time, place, language, ancestors that they where born to and under. Those that identify with the individual over the collective are masculine and liberal: valuing their 'self-determination', emancipation, freedom, and ability to exercise agency. The first group attempts to tie themselves and others closer to the earth while the latter attempts to have themselves and others fly free from it.
2 Under some Chinese perspectives, the passive and active (i.e the feminine and masculine) are interconnected under something called the taiji; there are times to submit towards the flow of the world and other times where one should exercise agency to change it. There is so no paradox between finding value in both "loyalty towards ones people" in some times and "emancipation from a ridged authority" in others. It's a bad idea to subscribe to either pure submission (where the individual should always bow to the colective) or pure autonomy (where an individual should always be given self-determination) just for the sake of internal consistency when arguing.
3 Note that the Indo-European Mother Earth and Sky Father follows the exact same dynamic as the Chinese yin and yang. So does the Māori Papatūānuku and Ranginui. The God Geb and Goddess Nut in the Egyptian tradition follows a deviant pattern in that the masculine deity is assigned the earth while the feminine deity is assigned the sky.
"The intellect does indeed do harm to the soul when it dares to possess itself of the heritage of the spirit. It is in no way fitted to do this, for spirit is something higher than intellect since it embraces the latter and includes the feelings as well. It is a guiding principle of life that strives towards superhuman, shining heights. Opposed to this yang principle is the dark, feminine, earthbound yin, whose emotionality and instinctuality reach back into the depths of time and down into the labyrinth of the physiological continuum. No doubt these are purely intuitive ideas, but one can hardly dispense with them if one is trying to understand the nature of the human psyche."
- Jung C. G, Alchemical Studies